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Shoulder

Apart from arthritis, dislocations, instability and fractures, the shoulder is also prone to bursitis and tendinitis.

BURSITIS

Bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that are located in joints throughout the body, including the shoulder. They act as cushions and help reduce friction between the gliding muscles and the bone.

Sometimes, excessive use of the shoulder leads to inflammation of the bursa between the rotator cuff and shoulder blade. The result is a condition known as bursitis. Many daily activities, such as combing your hair or getting dressed, may become difficult.

How We Treat It

Rest and ice therapy will be attempted for milder cases. If symptoms persist, a doctor can perform an injection in or around the bursa to reduce swelling and discomfort. Rarely, it is necessary to excise the entire bursa surgically.

TENDINITIS

A tendon is a cord that connects muscle to bone. Most tendinitis is a result of inflammation in the tendon. Generally, tendinitis is one of two types:

• Acute. Excessive ball throwing or other overhead activities during work or sport can lead to acute tendinitis.

• Chronic. Degenerative diseases like arthritis or repetitive wear and tear due to age, can lead to chronic tendinitis.

How We Treat It

Treatments may include a combination of rest, wrapping, and use of ice packs for recent or severe injuries. Painkillers are used to reduce swelling. Physical therapy is also part of the treatment. If pain is severe enough, an injection can also be given into the shoulder to relieve symptoms. Surgery is only considered if symptoms do not improve with other treatments.

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